The book contains a narrative about some of Abraham's life as well as visions he had concerning the pre-mortal life and the creation.The book contains three facsimiles from the original papyri and Joseph Smith's translations of their images and characters.In 1851 it was printed in pamphlet form in England as part of a small collection of Joseph's writings entitled 'The Pearl of Great Price'. However, since the Egyptian papyri that Joseph used to produce the Book of Abraham scripture still remained on the earth then it would be possible for others to examine these documents.
The Joseph Smith Papyri As is made clear by the introduction to the Book of Abraham, the church maintains that, regardless of what the surviving facsimiles and scrolls indicate, the Book of Abraham is a sacred book of scripture and was written by the hand of Abraham.It is taught alongside the Old Testament in Sunday School, included in the curriculum for institute and taught in church universities for the Pearl of Great Price religion courses.So the logical question that many Latter-day Saints, living in more modern times, have had is 'why don't we let Egyptologists, who now understand Egyptian, look at the papyri and see if Joseph was correct in his translation?' The answer usually given is that the papyri were destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.Since it contains teachings about the pre-mortal life, some of the mysteries of God, and the eternal nature of spirits, it is a vital part of LDS canon.
Most active Latter-day Saints are unaware of any controversy surrounding the book.After about seven years, Joseph finished the translation of the scroll which he called the was literally written by Abraham himself.This would make the Book of Abraham the only existing original copy of a scriptural book.The Book of Abraham was canonized in 1880 and is part of the Pearl of Great Price.The papyri were believed to have been destroyed until they were rediscovered in 1966.LDS apologists' stance Non-LDS Egyptologist examines LDS Egyptologists' credentials?