Consolidating democracy south korea

Democracy Going Forward This is not the first time a South Korean president has been impeached, but it is the first time one has been removed from office.In 2004, Roh Moo-hyun was charged with violating national election laws against presidential partiality in parliamentary elections when he encouraged support behind the small Uri Party (which supported Park).The Yushin remains controversial: while squashing the vestiges of democratic development and setting up authoritarian rule, it has also been credited with allowing South Korea’s rapid development.

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First, a democracy should be evaluated by indicators such as the existence of clean and open elections, the degree to which elections affect the chief executive, and freedom of association and of expression.This approach also includes four other dimensions of democracy, such as (the process wherein political decisions are made for the common good).Evaluating Democracy Rather than looking at only the existence of institutions — such as general elections — it may be helpful to see democracy everywhere as a constant process formed on relationships and rights.Democracy is not only measured by regular elections, but might also take into consideration the degree to which the various governmental branches and organs are responsive to the will of the people, protect individual rights, and make decisions for the common good.During her time in office, the Park administration suppressed media that spoke critically of the government.

Japanese correspondent Tatsuya Kato was brought up on charges of defamation for a 2014 article about rumors of Park’s whereabouts during the 2014 Sewol Ferry sinking.The Constitutional Court later found that the charges were not sufficient to warrant removal from office, a decision met with support from the Korean electorate: nearly 60 percent of the Korean public opposed Roh’s impeachment at the time, a far cry from the 78 percent who support Park’s impeachment today.The fact that Park could follow legal, though opaque, institutionalized pathways to curtail civil society opposition suggests remaining possibility for gross abuses of presidential power.A multidimensional approach is helpful in evaluating democratic practices over time.In a report published in November 2016, available through the East Asia Institute, Jung Kim suggests measuring multiple dimensions to gauge the “democratic depth” of South Korea.The suggested reforms called for the government to release imprisoned political opposition figures, lift restrictions on freedom of expression and the press, and instantiate direct presidential elections.