Cydia updatings

From a more positive viewpoint it should be noted that several Government Agencies which have a large land-holding, such as the Forestry Commission and the Ministry of Defence, are very active in conservation of many species including the Large Heath, when they are aware of the occurrence of this insect on their lands. As in the case of the last species, it has been recorded mainly from the remains of seed potatoes but it has also been found in association with old roots. Langelandia anophthalma Aube, (Col., Colydiidae) in South London.

cydia updatings-89

There are certain National Trust properties where the Large Heath is still to be found. Grant aid and other valuable assistance contributing towards the Large Heath Survey Project in Northumberland, was supplied by Butterfly Conservation, English Nature, the British Ecological Society, Forest Enterprise, Northumbrian Water, the Otterburn Training Area, (MOD), the Northumberland National Park, the Northumberland Wildlife Trust and the Viscount Ridley Trust. Wood, 1886; Allen, 1937; Allen, 1954; Booth, 1977; Denton, 1997).

National Parks can offer Stewardship Agreements to help preserve bogland habitat, and they do take an active part in mire restoration. Summers, officials of English Nature, the Invertebrate Sites Register, the National Trust, the Northumberland National Park, the Northumberland Wildlife Trust, the Institute of Terrestrial Ecology and Butterfly Net. The History, Status and Prospects in England of Coenonympha tu Uia Muller. There are published records for sites in southern England stretching from Kent to Cornwall (e.g.

It had been covered with a stone but, presumably, this was not sufficiently heavy.

On the second occasion, the trap dug up was in a wood accessible to dogs and foxes.

Location of extant (1998) colonies of Coenonympha tullia in England by county area The final colonies total should however be amended to 141 as the single Lincolnshire site and one Yorkshire site are artificially separated by the Lincs. The current status of this insect in Northumberland and Cumbria may appear to be strong, but there was a 20% loss of known sites between 19 in the former county and a 40% loss of historical sites in the latter, prior to 1996. Another eye-less species, it also lacks wings and has fused elytra.

Table 1 shows the English Counties where the Large Heath is still to be found, the number of sites within that county and the rationalisation of those sites into colonies, utilising the "Colony Definition". County Sites Colonies Shropshire 3 1 Lincolnshire 1 1 Yorkshire 6 6 Lancashire 2 2 Cumbria 41 31 Northumberland 150 101 Totals 203 142 Table 1. A final year's survey work is to be carried out by the author in Northumberland, and some detailed survey work remains to be done in North Yorkshire, where one new colony was detected in 1997 by Mr P. It is not beyond the bounds of possibility, that this butterfly may occur in other isolated areas in North Yorkshire and perhaps Derbyshire, which have not, as yet, been the subject of systematic examination. Subsequently, as noted by Booth & Owen (1997), a few specimens taken prior to its discovery in Cheshire were discovered among material in The Natural History Museum, London and specimens have been found recently in gardens in Kent and East Sussex. This was one of the commonest beetles trapped with 285 examples recorded from nine gardens. Entephria flavicinctata (Hb.) - Tomintoul, NJIO, in 1993 (MRY). Specimens are very grey {cinerae Gregson) and do not appear until August. However, the work of a small number of dedicated entomologists scattered throughout the Midlands and north of England has shown that, although there have been many site losses, some sites have survived, and new sites can be, and still are, being located. The Distribution of The Large Heath Butterfly in Cumbria 1997, with a Review of its Historical Records. The Distribution of The Large Heath Butterfly in Lancashire. Clare A larva of Philereme vetulata, the Brown Scallop, was beaten from alder buckthorn Rhamnus catharticus L. Viking) but does not appear to have been reported previously from Clare.- Alan Jenkins, 79 Westmoreland Terrace, London SWl. 1 1 1 25.i.l999 Further spread of the Feathered Ranunculus Polymixis lichenea (Hb.) (Lep.: Noctuidae) As county moth recorder for Surrey I sometimes receive dubious records from people not known to me, invariably unsupported by voucher specimens. Williams, a recorder previously unfami Uar to me, who claimed to have taken not one but two examples of the Feathered Ranunculus in his trap at West Molesey. 1998, I was going through my own trap, in South Croydon, when I saw a rather worn but clearly greenish noctuid which, as soon as I had laid eyes on it, rapidly vanished into the garden. Langelandia anophthalma Aube, (Col., Colydiidae) in the West Country. BANFFSHIRE LEPIDOPTERA 3 Epirrhoe galiata (D.&S.) - Inland on limestone at Inchrory, NJIO, in 1977, 1980 & 1997 (MRY, DAB), and at Tomintoul, NJl 1, in 1993 (MRY). Tyria jacobaeae (L.) - Ordiquhill, NJ55, male to m.v. Standfussiana lucernea (L.) "Banffshire coast", July 1993 (RK-J); Macduff, NJ76. Many of the older and well known localities frequented by this insect have been lost during the past century. He would be very grateful for any records of this species from anywhere within the British Isles. Philereme vetulata (D.& S.)(Lep.: Geometridae) new to Co. Colour identification guide to moths of the British Isles. It will not be until all suitable mire habitats receive legally enforceable protection, that this decline will abate. It appears to be an introduced species which was first noted at Kew Gardens, Richmond (Williams, 1968) and later at Bromley, Kent (Thompson, 1995). But the current destruction of its habitat continues, and the decline of this species will follow this destruction. Their occurrence in underground traps indicate that they burrow below the surface possibly for laying eggs in roots. This is another species which was trapped in some numbers in gardens but not in woodlands. Examination of a number of specimens trapped in the Epsom area showed that they also lacked wings and have fused elytra. These areas can vary from as little as one to well over 100 hectares. pellucidus (Boheman) 8 85 Raymondionymus marqueti (Aub.) 10 193 SUBTERRANEAN BEETLES 17 Anommatus diecki.