Many jurisdictions offer both the option of a no fault divorce as well as an at fault divorce.This is the case, for example, in many US states (see Grounds for divorce (United States)).
The effect of a divorce is that both parties are free to marry again if a filing in an appellate court does not overturn the decision.Contested divorces mean that one of several issues are required to be heard by a judge at trial level—this is more expensive, and the parties will have to pay for a lawyer's time and preparation.The liberalization of divorce laws is not without opposition, particularly in the United States.Indeed, in the US, certain conservative and religious organizations are lobbying for laws which restrict divorce.In some jurisdictions one spouse may be forced to pay the attorney's fees of another spouse.
Laws vary as to the waiting period before a divorce is effective. However, issues of division of property are typically determined by the law of the jurisdiction in which the property is located.
Reasons for divorce vary, from sexual incompatibility or lack of independence for one or both spouses to a personality clash.
The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical state, which has no procedure for divorce.
Before the late 1960s, nearly all countries that permitted divorce required proof by one party that the other party had committed an act incompatible to the marriage.
This was termed "grounds" for divorce (popularly called "fault") and was the only way to terminate a marriage.
In most jurisdictions, a divorce must be certified (or ordered by a Judge) by a court of law to come into effect.