The term transgender is also distinguished from intersex, a term that describes people born with physical sex characteristics "that do not fit typical binary notions of male or female bodies".
The counterpart of transgender is cisgender, which describes persons whose gender identity or expression matches their assigned sex.
The degree to which individuals feel genuine, authentic, and comfortable within their external appearance and accept their genuine identity has been called transgender congruence. Oliven of Columbia University coined the term transgender in his 1965 reference work Sexual Hygiene and Pathology, writing that the term which had previously been used, transsexualism, "is misleading; actually, 'transgenderism' is meant, because sexuality is not a major factor in primary transvestism." By 1992, the International Conference on Transgender Law and Employment Policy defined transgender as an expansive umbrella term including "transsexuals, transgenderists, cross dressers", and anyone transitioning.
Leslie Feinberg's pamphlet, "Transgender Liberation: A Movement Whose Time has Come", circulated in 1992, identified transgender as a term to unify all forms of gender nonconformity; in this way transgender has become synonymous with queer.
However, these assertions are contested by the Transgender Health Program (THP) at Fenway Health in Boston.
It notes that there are no universally-accepted definitions, and terminology confusion is common because terms that were popular in at the turn of the 21st century may now be deemed offensive.
Speaking Respectfully to a Transgender Person Treating a Transgender Person with Common Courtesy Being an Ally to All Transgender People Community Q&A If you have recently learned that a person in your life is transgender, you might not understand this part of their identity, and you may be concerned that you will say the wrong thing to them.
You can start by respecting the person's self-identity and using the same terms and pronouns that they use to describe themselves.
These individuals are cross dressing but are not cross dressers." Cross-dressers may not identify with, want to be, or adopt the behaviors or practices of the opposite gender and generally do not want to change their bodies medically.
The majority of cross-dressers identify as heterosexual.
who desire to transition permanently to the gender with which they identify and who seek medical assistance (for example, sex reassignment surgery) with this.
However, the concerns of the two groups are sometimes different; for example, transsexual men and women who can pay for medical treatments (or who have institutional coverage for their treatment) are likely to be concerned with medical privacy and establishing a durable legal status as their gender later in life.
Between the mid-1990s and the early 2000s, the primary terms used under the transgender umbrella were "female to male" (Ft M) for men who transitioned from female to male, and "male to female" (Mt F) for women who transitioned from male to female.