By 1625 Nurhachu has gained enough territory to need a capital, which he established at Mukden, but he died only a year later which brought his son Abahay (also known as T'ai Tsung) to the throne.
The Manchu mint name translates to Pao-Ch'uan, or "The Fountain head of the Currency".These come in two sized with the smaller about 20 mm, and the larger about 24 mm.small F .00 VF .00large F .50 VF .00 There are to many combinations of mint marks, demonminations, sizes, etc, to even begin to include them all on this site, so we have only provided the selection above to show how the denominations are indicated via the top and bottom character on the reverse.From the reign of Yung-cheng, to the end of the Ch'ing dynasty, almost all of the coins conform to the standard types, with "BOO" in the reverse to the left, and the mint name in Manchurian script to the right. His is also one of the few Chinese emperors to abdicate the throne, which he did to honor K'ang Hsi (his father) by ending his reign just before it would have exceeded the length of K'ang Hsi's reign.There are two basic series to the coins of Ch'ien-lung.When two or more reign titles used the same mint mark, we normally use the same image of of the mint mark for all of them, which speeds up download times, but means that some of the mint marks on the actual coins will have stylistic differences from the images used.
During the mid 1500's the Manchurians rebelled against the Ming Dynasty, and in AD 1559 Nurhachu (also know as T'ai Tsu) established a small Manchu dynasty.
This is a reference guide only for Chinese coins issued by the Ch'ing Dynasty, not an offering of coins for sale.
A listing of the ancient and medieval Chinese coins we currently have available can be viewed on our : our vcoins store.
At this time, this page is far from complete with many even common mint marks missing, but it will help you identify all of the rules and many of the mint marks.
Images on this page represent types only, and bear no relationship to actual sizes.
By then the Ch'ing controlled large parts of China, although they did not control the entire country until they defeated the last "Ming Rebels" about 1681.