Turkey’s displaced migrants are largely Syrian refugees, of which the number has grown significantly since the beginning of the civil war in Syria.In Yemen, nine-in-ten displaced migrants are internally displaced persons.
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In Yemen, conflict also grew the number of internally displaced people.
While this population numbered in the hundreds of thousands through 2014, a subsequent surge in violence increased the number of internally displaced Yemenis to more than 2.5 million by the end of that year.
Turkey and Yemen had about 2.8 million displaced migrants as of the end of 2015.
The origins of their respective displaced populations are quite different, however.Most displaced migrants in Iraq are Iraqi nationals who have been forced from their homes but are still living in that country.In Yemen, most displaced migrants are internally displaced persons as well, but a substantial number (about a quarter million or about 10%) are refugees from other countries, mostly from Somalia.The number of internally displaced persons in the Middle East has grown rapidly over the past decade.In 2005, slightly more than a million people living in the Middle East had been displaced from their homes and were living in their countries of birth.In 2015, Syria had by far the largest number (7.1 million) of displaced migrants living within its borders.