A member of the Beat Generation, a group of American writers and artists popular in the 1950s and early 1960s, influenced by Eastern philosophy and religion and known especially for their use of nontraditional forms and their rejection of conventional social values. French for “beautiful era,” a term that describes the period in French history beginning in 1890 and ending at the start of World War I in1914, which was characterized by optimism, relative peace across Europe, and new discoveries in technology and science. The world’s first film studio, invented in 1892–93 by American inventor Thomas Alva Edison and his assistant and protégé, William K. Despite its flammability and tendency to discolor and crack with age, celluloid was used in motion picture production until the 1930s, when it began to be replaced by cellulose-acetate safety film. Both the tissue and the support sheet are placed on top of the inked plate and run together through the printing press, sometimes with a thin layer of adhesive between them to reinforce the bond produced through the pressure of the press.
The process creates a subtle, delicate backdrop to the printed image.
A steel alloy that develops a rust-like appearance when exposed to weather for several years, eliminating the need for repainting.
Because of this quality, it is also called weathering steel. Originally a term of derision used by a critic in 1908, Cubism describes the work of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and those influenced by them.
The dominant artistic movement in the 1940s and 1950s, Abstract Expressionism was the first to place New York City at the forefront of international modern art. 1961 Abstract Expressionism Abstract Expressionism: A New Art for a New World The Processes and Materials of Abstract Expressionist Painting The Sublime and the Spiritual Minimalism Pop Art Willem de Kooning.
The associated artists developed greatly varying stylistic approaches, but shared a commitment to an abstract art that powerfully expresses personal convictions and profound human values. Art critic Harold Rosenberg coined the term “action painting” in 1952 to describe the work of artists who painted using bold gestures that engaged more of the body than traditional easel painting.
Chine is the French word for China, referring to the fact that the thin paper originally used with this technique was imported from China, as well as India or Japan; collé is the French word for "glued." Related: Rirkrit Tiravanija.
Photographs made from a positive color transparency or a negative.Cinematography is the art of positioning a camera and lighting a scene. An individual who helps guide and shape the future development of a community.A city planner considers environmental and social issues, and what kinds of resources are needed to improve the quality of life for the community residents, particularly in terms of what types of new building projects may be necessary.Cubism’s influence extended to an international network of artists working in Paris in those years and beyond. Dada artists sought to expose accepted and often repressive conventions of order and logic, favoring strategies of chance, spontaneity, and irreverence.Dada artists experimented with a range of mediums, from collage and photomontage to everyday objects and performance, exploding typical concepts of how art should be made and viewed and what materials could be used.An international movement born in neutral Zurich and New York, Dada rapidly spread to Berlin, Cologne, Hannover, Paris, and beyond. A photographic technique invented by Louis-Jacques-Mandé Daguerre in 1839.