In 1781, Catherine the Great gave Yekaterinburg the status of a district town of Perm Province, and built the main road of the Empire, the Siberian Route, through the city.
Yekaterinburg became a key city to Siberia, which had rich resources, and was known as the "window to Asia", a reference to Saint Petersburg as a "window to Europe".
It is located about 1,420 kilometres (880 mi) to the east of Moscow.
Yekaterinburg was founded on 18 November 1723, named after Russian emperor Peter the Great's wife, Yekaterina, who later became Catherine I after Peter's death, serving as the mining capital of the Russian Empire as well as a strategic connection between Europe and Asia at the time.
The city was built, with extensive use of iron, to a regular square plan with iron works and residential buildings at the center.
These were surrounded by fortified walls, so that Yekaterinburg was at the same time both a manufacturing center and a fortress at the frontier between Europe and Asia.
), alternatively romanized Ekaterinburg, is the fourth-largest city in Russia and the administrative centre of Sverdlovsk Oblast, located on the Iset River east of the Ural Mountains, in the middle of the Eurasian continent, at the boundary between Asia and Europe.
It is the main cultural and industrial center of the oblast.Yekaterinburg is one of the most important economic centers in Russia, and the city had experienced economic and population growth recently.Some of the tallest buildings in Russia are located in the city.Excavations and research took place starting from the 20th century.The artifacts are kept in museums such as the Sverdlovsk Regional Museum of Local Lore, the Hermitage, and the Museum of Anthropology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences.In the land now occupied by Yekaterinburg, there have been settlements of people since ancient times.