Petun and Huron refugees leave Ontario, and spend the winter of 1649-50 on Mackinac Island.c.
October 2; first French contact with Wyandots in the vicinity of the great town of Hochelaga, site of the present Montreal.Wyandots and related tribes may number between 30,000 and 45,000, with two of the largest, the Attignousntan and the Attigneenongnahac, joined in a confederacy.The town's French population still numbers just 65, with only 20 adult males. Hundreds of Hurons are put to death, along with Father Jean de Brebeuf and Father Gabriel Lalement.March 16; 1,200 well-armed Iroquois launch coordinated attacks into Ouendake, wiping out the mission towns of St. Ossossane is abandoned as the Huron Confederacy disintegrates. In December, the Petun lose their principal town to the Iroquois.A Shawnee colony called the Savannah is in South Carolina, where they form a buffer between the Cherokee and the Catawba.1652-c.1665 - The Wyandots and Ottawa move inland from Green Bay to the Mississippi River, then drift north to Chequamegon on Lake Superior in Sioux country, where they resume fur trade with the French.1653-1656 - The Erie lose a protracted war with the Iroquois. Ignace to find the great river described by the Illinois Indians.
They reach the Mississippi on June 17, and the mouth of the Arkansas a month later, where they turn back after learning there are Spanish in the area of the present New Orleans.1680 - August 21; Pueblo Indians take possession of Santa Fe after driving out the Spanish.
1560 - Iroquoian tribes south of the Great Lakes, at war with each other and surrounded by more numerous Algonquian enemies, are on the verge of extinction.
The Iroquois Confederacy, the League of the Five Nations, is founded by Deganawidah and Hiawatha. 1600 - The name "Hurons" is given to the Wyandots of the Huron Confederacy by the French.
July 10; the exploring party of Etienne Veniard, Sieur de Bourgmont, camps at the present site of Kansas City, Missouri.
The next day he investigates the "crusts of Red Earth" he saw along the banks of the Kansas River.
Ottawa to Wyandot to Iroquois fur trade flourishes, supported by Wyandot agricultural surplus.