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When building a formula with multiple nested IF levels, you can make the formula's logic clearer by separating different IF functions with spaces or line breaks.

Excel doesn't care about extra spacing in a formula, so you may not worry about mangling it.

This makes the formula more flexible, and if your users happen to change any of the existing conditions or add a new one, you will only have to update a single range reference in the formula.

Luckily, Microsoft Excel provides a couple of features that can help you to balance the parentheses when editing a formula: For more information, please see Match parenthesis pairs in Excel formulas.

When building logical tests of your nested IF formulas, remember that text and numbers should be treated differently - always enclose text values in double quotes, but never put quotes around numbers: Right: =IF(B2"249", "Excellent",…) The logical test of the second formula will return FALSE even if the value in B2 is greater than 249. Because 249 is a number and "249" is a numeric string, which are two different things.

The underlined expression is the part currently under evaluation, and clicking the Evaluate button will show you all the steps in the evaluation process.

For example, the evaluation of the first logical test of the nested IF formula shown in the screenshot below will go as follows: B2249; TRUE; Excellent.

For example: The nested IF formulas described above work in all versions of Excel 2016 -2000.

In Excel 2016 that is part of Office 365 subscriptions, you can use the IFS function for the same purpose.Our Excel nested IF formula goes as follows: And works exactly as it should: I've heard some people say that Excel multiple If is driving them crazy :) Try looking at it at a different angle: What the formula actually tells Excel to do is to evaluate the Here's another typical task: the unit price varies depending on the specified quantity, and your goal is to write a formula that calculates the total price for any amount of items input in a specific cell.In other words, your formula needs to check multiple conditions and perform different calculations depending on what amount range the specified quantity falls in: This task can also be accomplished by using multiple IF functions.Supposing you have a list of students in column A and their exam scores in column B, and you want to classify the scores with the following conditions: And now, let's write a nested IF function based on the above criteria.It's considered a good practice to begin with the most important condition and keep your functions as simple as possible.In modern versions of Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010 and Excel 2007, you can nest up to 64 IF functions in one formula.