he object of a ceramic trade mark is to enable at least the retailer to know the name of the manufacturer of the object, so that re-orders, etc., can be correctly addressed.
In the case of the larger firms the mark also has publicity value and shows the buyer that the object was made by a long-established firm with a reputation to uphold; such clear name marks as Minton, Wedgwood, Royal Crown Derby and Royal Worcester are typical examples.
Printed marks incorporating the Royal Arms are of 19th or 20th century date.
From the earliest days of the China trade, Chinese porcelain had been highly valued by Europeans, and the expansion of trade in the 17th and 18th centuries brought a greater supply and greater exposure for Chinese porcelain in Europe.
Europeans, however, were also trying to perfect the technique of making their own hard paste porcelain.
The town of Meissen was renamed in 1776 to be Albrechtsburg after the castle.
In 1861, the factory was moved piece by piece to a new site in the Triebischtal where it still stands today.
Meissen's trademark of crossed swords, derived from Augustus' coat of arms, is known the world over as a mark of the finest quality and a great history.
The swords are painted on the porcelain body after the first firing but before the application of glaze, using a special color of cobalt blue and was first adopted in 1724. This company (or it products) which has existed for well over a hundred years, is internationally known as "Royal Worcester." The articles of Association for the new firm are dated June 24, 1862.Italian and French craftsmen had replicated porcelain only by creating a soft paste porcelain of white clay and ground glass, not the white kaolin clay used by the Chinese.Meanwhile, Augustus II (1670-1733) of Saxony, known as Augustus the Strong, became a patron of the decorative arts and particularly admired fine Chinese porcelain.Meissen is more than 1000 years old, founded by King Henry I in 929 AD with the castle "Misni".Meissen is really a fortress town, and several 13th and 14th century Gothic cathedrals domintate the skyline of the town, along with the Albrechtsburg Castle which stands at the original site of the Meissen Porcelain Works.Inclusion of the word 'Royal' in a firm's title or trade name suggests a date in the second half of the 19th century, if not a 20th-century dating.